- July 28, 2018
- Posted by: Havenhill Synergy
- Category: Blog
Here are 7 things you should know about mini-grids.
What is a mini-grid?
- According to the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission, mini-grid means an integrated local generation and distribution system with an installed capacity below 1 MW, capable of serving numerous end‐users independent of the national grid.
- A mini-grid consists of an isolated electricity generation source that distributes power over a network (grid lines) to a localised group of people.
What are the components of mini-grids?
Most mini-grids have basic components namely: 1. Generation 2. Distribution 3. End User
- The generation consists of various methods of generating power. This could be done using solar PV modules, Wind turbines, Hydropower systems, Biomass, Geothermal or diesel-powered generators.
- Generation could also include a mix of two power sources either renewable or non-renewable thereby making it a hybrid system. In addition, the generation phase includes inverters and energy storage systems (batteries) amongst other necessary things.
- The distribution phase is simply about how power generated gets to the end-user through grid lines, smart meters, household wiring etc.
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It is believed that a mini-grid is a cost-effective means of improving energy access to people who are not connected to the main grid. Did you know that mini-grids can either be isolated from or interconnected with the grid?
- An Isolated Mini-grid is one that is completely independent of the national grid. Therefore, an isolated mini-grid is an off-grid network.
- An Interconnected Mini-grid is also a small-scale electricity network, but it is connected to the main grid in such a way that an exchange of energy is possible either through net metering or feed-in tariffs.
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